ʻO wai ka manaʻo hohonu?

he manao hohonu
he manao hohonu

Zihni Derin (hānau ʻo 1880, Muğla - ka lā o ʻAukake 25, 1965, Ankara), Tur agomomist Turkey. ʻO ke kīlaʻi iʻa i loko o Turkey e alakaʻi i ka hoʻomaka a me ka hoʻomoʻa; Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ka "makuakāne o ka paʻakai".


Ua hānau ʻo ia ma Mugla i ka makahiki 1880. ʻO kona makuakāne ʻo Mehmet Ali Bey, he lālā no Kuloğulları ʻohana ʻo Muğla. ʻO ke kula kiʻekiʻe ʻo Muğla i ka makahiki 1897, ke kula kaiapuni ʻo Tesaloniki i ka makahiki 1900, 1904 Halkalı Ua puka 'o ia mai ke Kula o ka Mahiai. I ka makahiki 1905, hoʻomaka ʻo ia e hana ma ke ʻano he kanaka kuʻuna kanaka me ke ʻano o ke Kākau Ala ʻo Aydın Province Forest and Mineral Inspection.

ʻO ke ola aloha

Ua lilo ʻo ia i Luna Hoʻolālā Ala ma 1907 ma hope o ka lawelawe ʻana ma ke Kānāwai Luna Hoʻolālā ʻoihana ma Rhodes (e like me ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Algeria-i Bahr-i Sefid Province) ʻo Kakaukaʻi kiaʻi ma nā mākaʻi, ʻo Gediz a me Simav mau wahi.

Ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kemika, hana ʻenehana a me nā kumu no ka haole ma ka makahiki kula ʻo Tesalonika ma 1909 a i 1912. Ua mare ʻo Maide Hanim ma Thessaloniki i ka makahiki 1911; ʻekolu āna keiki mai kēia male ana.

Ua hana ʻo ia ma ke kumu kula ma Bursa ma waena o 1914-1920 a lawelawe ʻo ia i Luna Hoʻokele no Bursa National Education.

Ke komo nei i ka Paʻa Aupuni

Ua haʻalele ʻo ia iā Bursa ma mua o ka hoʻoili kaua Heleni i ka makahiki 1920 a neʻe hou i Ankara; Ua lilo ʻo ia i Luna Nui o ka Kūʻai ʻoihana ma ke Keʻena ʻĀpana, i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka National Struggle Government; Ua noho nō ia ma kēia noho a hiki i 1924.

ʻO nā hana mua mua

Ma ʻApelila 1921, ua komo ʻo ia ma Ankara i moho ʻelele o ke Kuhina ʻĀpana Aloha i kahi komisina i hālāwai ʻia e nā ʻelele kuhina e kūkākūkā i nā pilikia o ka hoʻokele moku a me ka pilikia. Ma hope o ka Lūkina ʻana o Rūsia, me ka pani ʻana o ka palena ʻo Batumi, ua hana ʻia ʻo ia me ka ʻimi e hana i nā hana hou ma ka ʻĀina o ʻEleʻele, kahi i hoʻonui ʻia ai ka pilikia o ka hana ʻole a me ka palekana. Halkalı Ua heluhelu ʻo ia i ka moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e Ali Rıza Bey, kekahi o nā kumu kula o ke kula kiʻekiʻe, ma Batumi i ka makahiki 1917. I loko o ka hōʻike, ua haʻi ʻia me nā kumu i hiki ke ulu i kī i ʻihi a puni ʻo Rize. Ua heluhelu ʻo Zihni Derin i ka hōʻike o ka lolo o Ali Rıza i ke kōmike ma Rize, ua hoʻoholo ʻia e hoʻokumu i kahi mea hānai e hoʻomaka ai ka noi.

ʻO Zihni Bey, i hoʻouna ʻia i Rize i ka makahiki 1923 e hoʻokumu i kahi kīʻaha kīʻaha a me nā citrus nursery, i hoʻomaka i ka hana ma kahi ʻāina 15-decare ma Garal Hill, nona ka waihona kālā. ʻIke ʻo ia ua ulu nā hua kīwī i lawe ʻia e kekahi mau mea hoihoi mai Batumi a kanu ʻia i nā mea kanu mea kanu i ka ʻāina ua ulu maikaʻi; I ka makahiki 1924, ua kipa aku ʻo ia iā Batumi a nānā i loko o ka māla kīhāpai, ʻūa hale ʻona a me ka hale noiʻi ʻo Astropical Plants Research i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā Russia. Lawe ʻo ia i nā hua ʻili a me nā ʻili i lawe mai ai me ia, nā hua citrus a me kekahi mau hua hua, rhizomes kaʻa i ka mālama. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia ka kūpono o ke aniau a me nā ʻōnaehana kūloko o ka ʻāina i ka ulu lāʻau. Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo ia e lawe mai i nā ʻili mai Batumi a hāʻawi i ka poʻe i ka lehulehu, akā ʻo kēia hana mua, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka nānā pono ʻole, ua nele.

ʻO Zihni Derin, ka mea i hoʻi mai i kona kūlana ma Ankara, ua hoʻomākaukau i kahi manaʻo loilo no kēia kumuhana a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ka bila me ke kākoʻo ʻana o nā Rize Deputies o kēlā manawa i ka lā 6 o Pepeluali 1924 a helu iā 407. Lā kānāwai, Rize Province a me Borcka Crash; Ua hoʻomaka ʻia ka Hazelnut, ʻAlani, Lemon, Tangerine, Tea Law ma lalo o ka inoa Cultivation.

Hoʻi i ke aʻo

Ma muli o ka nele o ke kānāwai i paʻa ai a me ka ʻike ʻole o nā kamaʻāina o ka ʻaha e pili ana i ka kanu ʻana o ka ti, ua hoʻi ʻo Zihni Bey i ka hana aʻo ʻana i ka wā i pau ai nā hana kīhāpai. Ua aʻo ʻo ia ma nā kula ʻē aʻe i Istanbul. Ua hoʻomau ʻo ia i ke aʻo ʻana ma Ankara mai ka makahiki 1930.

ʻO ka hui ʻona

Ma hope o ka hōʻea hou ʻana o ka ʻohi kīwī ma ka ʻāina, ua hoʻonoho ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻohui Nui ʻĀpana Hoʻohui Nui ma Thrace i ka makahiki 1936 a me ka ʻOihana Kuhina Nui o ke Kuhina Kūʻai ʻo 1937.

Ma ka ʻOihana Kūwila, e hoʻokumu ʻia ma Rize a me kona mau wahi i ka makahiki 1938, ua hana nui ka inoa o ka ʻaha ʻohi tea e hoʻolaha i ka hana ʻī. Ma hope o ka hoʻomaha ʻana ma muli o ka palena o ke makahiki i ka makahiki 1945, ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e hana no ka mea i hoʻonohonoho ma ka ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana.

Ua lilo ʻo ia i moho kūloko kūʻokoʻa ma Rize i ke koho balota ʻo 1950; ʻaʻole naʻe hiki i ke komo ʻana i ka hale pālani.

Make

ʻO Zihni Derin ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo ka poʻomanaʻo o ka hanohano no nā hanana "27th Annie of Tea" i Rize i ka makahiki 1960 ma hope o ka hānai ʻana o Mei 1964, 40, i make i ka 25 ʻAukake 1965 ma Ankara.

Kuhi ʻia kāna hana i kūpono no ka TÜBİTAK Service Award i ka makahiki 1969.



E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

Comments