Nā ʻIola Kūʻai a Inoa Pūnaewele

nā hale kūʻai ʻenehana a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana
nā hale kūʻai ʻenehana a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana

Nā ʻĀina ʻenehana Kūʻai a me nā Pūnaehana Pūnaewele: ʻO Repubalika o India ka ʻehiku o ka honua ʻehiku nui a ʻo ka heluna ka nui loa. ʻO 1,3 billion ka heluna kanaka, a ʻo 3.287.259 km² ka wahi. ʻO Kapalakiko ka moku'āina o New Delhi. ʻO ia kekahi o nā waiwai hoʻokele wikiwiki o ka honua ma muli o nā loiloi waiwai i hoʻokō ʻia mai 1991. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka pōpilikia, pilikia loa ka pilikia o ka hydrogen a me ka hōʻino ma ka liʻiliʻi a me ka haʻahaʻa loa. Me Kina kahi o nā ʻāina ʻelua me ka heluna o ka nui o 1 biliona ma ka Honua honua, ʻike ʻia e India ke koho no ka ʻimi kanaka i ka honua e kokoke ana ma muli o ka nui o ka piʻi ʻana o ka heluna kanaka nui.

ʻO ka moku'āina o ka noho i ka ʻāina ma 2018:

GDP (Nominal): ʻO 2.6 trillion USD
Loaʻa ka ulu ʻana o ka GDP maoli: 7,3%
heluna kanaka: Piliona 1.3
Ka ulu ʻana o ka heluna kanaka: 1,1%
GDP per kapita (Nominal): 1.942 USD
Ke Inflation helu: %4
Ka helu ʻole i kahi lawelawe: 8,4%
Hōʻuluʻulu Hōʻawa: ʻOihana kālā he 338,4
Ka hōʻuluʻulu helu nui: ʻOihana kālā he 522,5
Aia nō nā kūlana ma ka honua honua: 9

ʻO India, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, UAE, Hong Kong a me nā mea kūʻai aku i nā mea nui i manaʻo ʻia nā pōhaku makamae, a me nā pōpoki, nā kolo, nā wahi kila, nā aila, nā kaʻa kaʻa, nā mea hou aku, nā mea hana nukali, nā mea kanu kūlohelohe, nā hua lāʻau kūʻai.

ʻO nā kumu nui i lawe mai i India ka China, USA, UAE a me nā mea hoʻokomo kumu nui nā kumuwaiwai mineral, nā mea kūʻai ʻala a me nā pōhaku semi-koʻikoʻi, nā pālolo, nā mea uila a me nā uila, nā mīkini, nā mea hana lāʻau nukleika, nā mea kanu kūlohelohe.

Ua papa ko India i kāna waiwai a me GDP i ʻekolu mau ʻoihana: ʻoihana mahiai, ʻenehana a me nā lawelawe. ʻO ka ʻoihana mahiai e loaʻa i nā mea kanu, hortikultura, mahiʻai a me ka lawaiʻa holoholona, ​​aquaculture, lawaiʻa, serikika, hopu, ka nahele, a me nā hana e pili ana. Hoʻokomo ka ʻenehana i nā ʻāpana hana ʻenehana. ʻO nā ʻoihana lawelawe ʻo India e komo i ka kūkulu ʻana, nā ʻoihana, nā lako polokalamu, IT, nā kamaʻilio, nā hana hoʻonaʻauao, ka hoʻonaʻauao, ka mālama mālama kālā, mālama kālā a me ka hoʻolimalima, a me nā hana waiwai ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kā mākou kālepa bilateral (Mākilē Moni):

makahiki mea hoʻolilo waiwai hoʻokomo ka leo koena
2015 650,3 5.613,5 6.263,8 -4.963,1
2016 651,7 5.757,2 6.408,9 -5.105,5
2017 758,5 6.216,6 6.975,1 -5.458,1
2018 1,121,5 7.535,7 8.657,2 -6.414,2

ʻO nā huahana nui mākou e hoʻolaha ai i India, he gula, ʻaukā, nā aila aila, nā mea hao.

ʻO nā huahana nui kā mākou e lawe mai ai mai India nā ʻaila hinu, ʻoki aila filament synthetic, nā wahi kaʻa.

KAHIKI RAIL MA INDIA

ʻO nā wahi holo ʻenehana ma waena o nā wahi no ka honua a me 115.000 km. Ua loaʻa i India kahi wili kaʻa 277.987, ka kaʻa kaʻa 70.937 a me XomUMX lokomaahana. ʻO ka nui o nā limahana ma nā wahi kaʻa o ka ʻāina ʻo 11.542 miliona mau kānaka.

ʻO ka lōʻihi o ka laina i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e 55.240 km a ʻo% 46 ka lōʻihi o ka laina laina. Hoʻohana ka 25 kV AC i nā laina uila. ʻO ka pahuhopu e hoʻomāliʻi i nā laina āpau e 2022. No kēia, ua hoʻolālāʻo 5.1 billion kālā kālā.

I India, ua hoʻolako kahi hui o nā wahi kaʻa mea nui o ka honua. Mau mea: Alstom, ʻO Bombardier a me ka ʻae ʻo GE.

Ke hoʻohana nei ʻo Alstom i nā kānaka 3.600 me kāna mau lako hana ʻekolu. Ua hoʻokumu pū ʻia kahi hana hui o 2018 biliona kālā me nā wahi holo ʻenehana no India no ka hana ʻana o nā kaʻa uila 2028 uila mai 800 a 2.9. E hoʻokele ana ʻo Bombardier me nā mea hana ʻo 2000. Ua hana ʻo 776 no New Delhi Metro kahi kaʻa a me ka laina hōʻailona. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo GE Transportation i nā 1000 4500 BG diesom-hiko uila no India. Hoʻokani ʻo Siemens i kahi mea ikaika i ka hōʻailona a me ka electrification ma nā ʻāina he nui. Hoʻopili kēia ma Mumbai Metro, Delhi Airport Metro Express, Chennai Metro.

Ua hōʻea ke Aupuni o India i ka helu home ma lalo o ka 70 me ka kāhea iā Make Make i India ..

Nā Hoʻokele o nā ʻoihana Kūloko ma India

ʻO ka huina o ka nui o nā hana i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e nā ʻoihana o Turkish ma kēia ʻāina i kēia manawa e kokoke ana iā 430 miliona mau kālā. ʻO kēia manawa, i waena o nā papahana i mālama ʻia e nā hui Turkish Gülermak ma lawe ʻia e Lucknow kūkulu ʻāina Aia. Kūkulu ʻia ka hana ma ka 3.68 km Double Line Metro Construction, 3 Underground Metro Station a me Viaduct Metro Line Design, Construction & Art Structures a me Architectural Works Rail Work, Signalization a me nā hana uila uila.

Hanaʻo Doğuş, Kihi kahua kikowaena o Mumbai ʻO ke kumukūʻai o ka pāhana e like me India Rupee 24,2 biliona a me 21,8 miliona USD i loko o ka pā o ka papahana; ʻO ka lōʻihi o ka lōʻihi ma waena o ke kahua kikowaena o Central Central a ʻo Worli ma 5 km. I ka papa hana, ua loaʻa ke kikowaena 5, 3550 m ka lōʻihi o ke kaila a me nā hana electromechanical. Ke manaʻo ʻia nei e hoʻokō ʻia e Ianuali 2021. I kekahi ia ae Kūkulu ʻia o kahi kaila ala i Jammu Kashmir a ua kūkulu ʻia nā ʻoihana like ʻole e kūkulu ʻia.

Ka Palapala ʻOihana kikowaena kiʻekiʻe o India

Kauka E hoʻomaopopo pono iā Ilhami

Keʻena Kauka Hou nei Keahi

no 21

Hoʻolaha Hōʻike: Kālā Kūkaʻi Kū

Nowemapa 21 @ 14: 00 - 15: 00
Organizers: TCDD
444 8 233
no 21

Nānā Hana: Hoʻopiha o nā ʻāpana Spare Electrification Spare

Nowemapa 21 @ 14: 30 - 15: 30
Organizers: TCDD
444 8 233

E huli ʻo ka huli ʻana ma ka Pūnaewele

E pili ana iā Levent Elmastaş
RayHaber hoʻoponopono

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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