He kikowaena ʻōkuhi kik Iran

palapala o ke kikowaena iran
palapala o ke kikowaena iran

ʻO ke alanui holoʻokoʻa, ka mea i hoʻomau ʻia, i wehe ʻia ma 1888 ma waena o Tehran a me ka hale pule o Shah-Abdol-Azim ma Rey. ʻO ka laina 800km, i kūkulu ʻia ma ka mita 9mm, ʻo ia ka mea i manaʻo ʻia no nā lawehala, ʻoiai ʻo kekahi mau lālā kiʻi ʻokoʻa i hoʻohui ʻia. ʻAi ʻia ua huki ʻia ka lio, a laila hoʻohuli i ka moku ʻoi. Hoʻomau ka 1952 a hiki i ka makahiki. ʻO ka hele mua o kēia ala ke kūlike i ka laina metro Tehran 1.

Aia he hoʻomaha lōʻihi i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ke alanui i 1914, mai ka manawa i lawe ʻia ai e kūkulu i kahi ala no 146 km mai Tabriz a i Jolfa, kahi i hoʻohui iā Azerbaijan a me Lūkia hoʻi. Hana ʻia e like me ke alapine (1435 mm) kaila e like me nā kaila ma lalo o ka ʻāina. Eia naʻe, II. Me ka wehe ʻana o ka Kaua Honua II, ʻo ka huina o ke kaʻa holoʻokoʻa ma mua o 700 mau mile.

ʻO ke kaua o ke kahua kaua o Trans-Iran ua aneane aku nei i kēia helu, a me nā hanana hope aʻe i alakaʻi ai i kahi kikowaena palena ma lalo o ke kūkulu ʻana a i hoʻolālā ʻia i kēia lā, ʻoi aku ma mua o 10000km. Tureke, a nolaila, i ka kūwaho hoʻi pilina i ke koena o 'Eulopa (albeit me Lake van a me kona hua lole ferries ma ka Bosphorus). I loko o Ka Caucasus, aia kahi pilina pili honua, i loaʻa kahi hōʻailona o ka neʻe ʻana i ka hoʻoponopono o ʻAzakizani Naxchivan a ma waho aʻe o Armenia a me Russia; akā naʻe, ʻaʻole i kēia manawa. Ua noi ʻia kahi pilina pili honua hou me Azerbaijan ma ke kai Caspian, kokoke i ke kaona palena ʻo Astara. Hoʻopili kēia iā Qazvin me kahi ala hou i ka pūnaewele paʻa.

Ua pili pū kekahi pilina pili honua me Turkmenistan ma Sarakhs i kahi hoʻololi o ke ana ma 1996. Hana ʻia kēia ma ke ʻano he kuleana hiki i Kina, ʻoiai ke ʻano ka hoʻokūkū politika lehulehu ma waena o Turkmenistan me Uzbekistan ʻoiai ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻomaopopo ʻia ke ala. Ua wehe ʻia kekahi pilina me Turkmenistan ma Incheh Borun ma 2013 ma ke ʻano he papa holo ala i Kazakhstan. Aia kekahi wahi pōkole Lūkia (1520mm) e ana ana i ka laina mai Turkmenistan e lawelawe ana i ke kahua ma ka palena o Loftabad, akā ʻaʻohe mea pili me ke koena o ka pūnaewele Iranian.

Ua hoʻopau hou kahi laina hou iā Zahedan ma 2009. Hāʻawi kēia i kahi kikowaena me ka laina 84km ma Zahedan, kahi i kaawale i ka palena ʻo Pakistan. Hoʻopili ʻia ka laina lua i ka ʻoihana pūnaewele ʻo Pakistan Railway a kūkulu ʻia i ke kāʻei ʻo 1675 mm o ia ʻōnaehana.

Ma 2013, pōkole (16km) akā ua wehe ʻia nā laina koʻikoʻi ma waena o Khorramshahr (kokoke i Abadan) a me Shalamcheh ma ka palena Iraqi. ʻOiai e hoʻomau ka hana ma ka ʻaoʻao Iraqi o ka palena, e hoʻopili hope ia i ke kikowaena kikowaena Iraqi kokoke i Basra.

Ma 2015, hoʻomaka ka hoʻolālā kālā i kahi laina hou ma kahi palena o Iraqi ma waena o Tehran a me Khosravi. Ke wehe i ka laina ma 2018 a hiki iā Kermanshah. ʻO ke koena 263 ka lōʻihi i Khosravi e manaʻo ʻia e hoʻopau ma 2020.

Afghanistan He laina ma waena o Mashhad a me Herat i kūkulu ʻia. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao Iranian a hiki i ka palena Afghan kokoke i Khvaf i hoʻopau; Hoʻomau ka hana ma ke kaʻa kaʻaahi ma Afghanistan a hoʻomaka i ka pilina palena palena i hoʻomaka ma 2016.

Ma 2017, ua wehe kahi hui hou o ka honua ma waena o Astara a me ke kūlanakauhale o ka inoa like ma Azerbaijan. ʻO ia kahi pahu pālua (1520mm a me 1435mm) kani a ka hopena hope loa a pili loa i kahi laina hou ma lalo o ke kūkulu ʻana me ke koena o ka pūnaewele Iranian.

He kikowaena ʻōkuhi kik Iran

Keʻena Kauka Hou nei Keahi

Sal 12

Nānā Hana

Nowemapa 12 @ 14: 30 - 15: 30
Organizers: TCDD
444 8 233
Sal 12
tsar 13

Hoʻolaha Hōʻike: Ka Hana Hana

Nowemapa 13 @ 09: 30 - 10: 30
Organizers: TCDD
444 8 233
E pili ana iā Levent Elmastaş
RayHaber hoʻoponopono

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

Comments