Papa Kahiki ʻo Haydarpaşa.

Unknown e pili ana i ka haydarpasa gari
Unknown e pili ana i ka haydarpasa gari

ʻO Sakalar a me Scythians (The Hidden Old Anatolian People) Twitter moʻolelo o ke kaʻina hana ʻana o ka Hale Kūʻai ʻo Haydarpasa ua hāʻawi ʻia i ka ʻike weliweli a pīhoihoi hoʻi, ʻoiai ke kikowaena, ua ʻōlelo ka papahana mua o ka Ottoman Empire ma ke kaʻina hana a ka lāhui.

ʻO Sakalar a me Scythians (Nā Hūnā Huli a Anatolian) mai ka haʻi ʻia ʻana o ka waihona Twitter ma kahi penei; "ʻO Haydarpaşa kaʻaahi kaʻa, 4760 km, ʻo ia ka wāwae mua o ka pāhana ʻo 91 km Hicaz Railways, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2 i kūkulu ʻia i ka makahiki 1873 i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka laina ma waena o Haydarpaşa-İzmit. ʻO ka makuakāne o ka manaʻo o kēia papahana mega ʻo German Engineer Wilhem Von Pressel. Ua lawe mai ʻo Sultan Abdulaziz iā Pressel i ka Luna Hoʻokele nui o nā ʻEā Hokū ʻĀina. (1872) Ua kūkulu ʻia kēia pāhana ma kahi ʻāpana ma waena o nā makahiki o 1901-1908 ma Damaseko-Hejaz (Hijaz: keka komohana o Saudi Arabia, kahi me Mecca, Medina a me Taif) me nā makana piha.

I ka wā i hoʻolaha ʻia ai e hāʻawi ʻia nā mea hāʻawi, ua ʻōlelo mua lākou ʻaʻole hiki ke hana ʻia kēia papahana mega, ʻoiai hoʻi ʻo ka poʻe Farani a me nā Italia, a e kaua aku ka Ottoman i ka poʻe Muslim. ʻO nā ʻ thelelo iʻa o ʻĀmeloka a me ko ʻAigupita ʻaʻole i manaʻoʻiʻo i ka hana a ua hālāwai me ka kānalua.

ʻO ka hāʻawi mua mua i ka helu 75.000. Na kēia Grand Vizier i hāʻawi i kēia makana. Lele Sultan II. I ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ʻo Abdülhamid a me nā limahana o ka moku'āina i ka papahana me nā makana mua, ʻālamalama i loko o Egypt, Morocco, India a me Russia e hāʻawi i nā makana. Kokoke nō kēlā me kēia apana ma ʻAigupita kahi kālā kālā ...

A hou; ʻo ka mua ka mea hoʻolimalima mua ʻana i ka papahana ʻo ka hōʻaiʻē ʻo 100.000 lira mai Ziraat Bank. ʻO ka makahiki mua ʻelua e hāʻawi ʻia i ka hōʻaiʻē hoʻokahi tausani paona o 50 i nā makahiki e hiki mai ana. A no laila a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki ua hāʻawi ʻo 1908 480 i kāu mau tausani kauhau. Ma muli o kēia kūlana he hopena maikaʻi loa i ka hōʻaiʻē, hōʻaiʻē ʻo Ziraat Bank mai ka Ottoman Bank. ʻO ka pahuhopu o kēia papahana mega, nāna i hoʻomaka me ka hale kaʻa ʻo Haydarpaşa ma Hijaz a laila pili ʻo Basra i nā waiwai kaiāulu a me ke aupuni me ka hāʻawi ʻole i nā kuikawa i nā ʻāina ʻē.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka papahana a hoʻokokoke aku i ka Hejaz, ʻaʻole i hiki i ka poʻe Pelekane ka loaʻa kālā ʻana o nā iwi Bedouin, e hoʻowalewale ana i ka papahana, a me ka hōʻino ʻana iā lākou ma ka hana ʻana i nā mea kaua ma luna o ka hale kaʻa. Mai ka wā i hui pū ai ka poʻe Bedouins a hoʻopiʻi no ka manawa mua i ka mōʻaukala, kūkulu ʻia me 15 mau tausani koa hiki ke holomua. Ke hāʻawi nei nā ʻohana Bedouin i ke kaua kaua piha, ka pūʻali koa i hui pū ʻia e ka pūʻali koa kaua a ua nui nā koa o nā koa. Ua lilo ke kūlana i hāʻawi ʻia i nā pū, akā, ke hana nei mākou ma kēia pānaʻi me nā koa no ka poʻe weliweli a me nā mea i pakele.

Me nā pūʻali koa e hana ana me nā limahana, ua hōʻemi ʻia ke kumukūʻai e ka hapalua i nā mea hana Europa a ua hoʻopau ʻia ke kumukūʻai o ka 3.5 miliona mau paona. ʻO 1.7 miliona o kēia papa hana hana a me ka hana a pēlā aku. he lilo. (ʻOihana kālā ʻo Ottoman i kēia manawa ʻo 18 miliona)

ʻO ka hoʻouka ʻana o Bedouin i hoʻohikilele ʻia me ka Bedouin no ka hoʻolōʻihi i ka hana, a me nā pono i hāʻawi ʻia, ua pau ka hōʻ kaua ʻana, a hiki i ka 1916 ke aupuni nui ʻo Hejaz Rebellion i ka Emir o Mekia, Sheriff Hussein! (323 km ma waena o El Ula a me Medina 1 i wehe i ka mahina ʻo Kepakemapa 1908 me ka hana pule)

I loko o kēia papahana mega; ʻO nā 2666 piha piha i nā alaloa nui a me nā cultsts. hou; ʻO ka pā hao hao 7, ka wai pālua o 7, kaila lāʻau 9, kahawai ʻo 3 ma Haifa, Der a me Maan, a ma kahi keʻena nui i Kadem kahi i hana hou ai nā locomotives a me nā kaʻa. Eia hou; ʻO 1 hale kūʻai kūleʻa ma Medina, kahi hale hana i Haifa, kahi hale nunui, nā hale kūʻai, ka loaʻa, nā hale hana o ka limahana, ka hale kūkulu hale a me ka hale hana kūkulu.

He hale hōkele ma Maan, kahi hale ʻai ma Tebuk a me Maan, he hale ʻauʻau i Derʻa a Semah, a me kahi ʻona wai 37 ma nā wahi like ʻole i ka wā huakaʻi, he ʻekolu mau huakaʻi mokulele ma waena o Damaseko a me Medina. ipukukui; ma ka Pōʻakahi, Pōʻakolu, Pōʻaono ma waena o 07.00 a me 10.00, a ma ke awakea, ua haʻalele nō hoʻi ʻo 13.00. Ua haʻalele ʻo ia iā Medina ma ka manawa Pōʻalua, Poaha a me ka Pōʻalima.

I ka wā o ka huakaʻi kipa, ua hāʻawi ʻia nā malihini a nele a nele i kahi huakaʻi hele ʻole. Ma mua, ua hōʻea ʻia ʻo ka huakaʻi o Damaseko-Medina e 40 i kēlā me kēia lā me nā kāmelo, aʻo ka Hicaz Railway e iho ana i 72. Eia hou i kēia papahana mega, ua hana wale nō nā kānaka Ottoman. "

Neden E wehewehe iaʻu i ke kumu i hana ʻia ai ke ala a ʻo Hicaz Railway me nā waihona ʻāina, nā hāʻawi a me nā koa. ʻO kekahi kumu nui i ke kumu o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā koi kaʻa i hāʻawi ʻia i ka poʻe Pelekānia a me Farani, a laila i ka poʻe Kelemania he mea kaulike, ʻo ia ka haʻalele i ka kūwaho kūwaho o ka Ottomans mai 1878. Eia hou, ʻo 1882 ka hoʻoili kaua ʻana o Pelekane iā ʻAigupita. ʻOiai mākou i haʻalele iā Kipani i ʻEnelani ma mua o ka ʻ Agreementlelo Berlin, ʻaʻole lākou me mākou e kūʻē i nā Lūkini. ʻO 1881ʻde koa ka poʻe Farani i Tunisia, ka ʻāina ʻo ka Pelekania, ke komo ʻana o ka ʻuhana i nā leo Farani o ka Ottoman Empire e aʻo ai i kēia kūlana a alakaʻi i nā kulekele aupuni. ʻO ka poʻe Kelemania ke kaiāhewa kūʻē iā Rūsia, ʻEnelani a me Palani ma ia manawa.

II. Ua kūpono ʻo Abdulhamid e huli i ka Kelemania. No ka mea, ʻaʻohe maka o ka poʻe Kelemania ma nā ʻāina o koʻu Aupuni Uumaka. Eia hou, e like me ka Pelekane + French + Rūkia ʻaʻole i makemake i ka ʻae ʻana ma waena o lākou e hoʻopau i ka Ottomans. Ua hoʻolako ʻia ka poʻe Lūkini me ke kōpaʻa 1770 Çeşme a me ka Kuʻikahi ʻo 1774 Küçük Kaynarca. Eia hou, ke kuhikuhi aku nei e luku aku i ka mokuā me Navarin (1827) a me SYNOP Raids (1853). Eia naʻe, ua kūleʻa lākou i kēia. Me ka Kuʻikahi ʻo Küçük Kaynarca, lanakila ko ka ʻUmomi i ke ʻano nui o ka Orthodox a me nā ʻUmūnani i lanakila me ka pena o nā muslim ma Rūsia.

Me kēia ʻae ʻana o Küçük Kaynarca, ua hoʻokū ʻia kahi ʻano o Caliphate. (ʻO Sultan I. Abdulhamid manawa-1774) ʻO ka Kalepila i hala i hala i hoʻohana ʻia e ka keʻena o ka ʻaha ʻO Ottoman Caliphate. ʻO ka pōʻino e pili ana i ka caliphate ma luna o Yavuz Sultan Selim ʻaʻole i ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ano, no ke aha lā wau i kākau ai i kēia? ʻO Haydarpaşa Railway Station ka papahana aupuni mua i hana ʻia ma ka Ottoman Empire i haʻi aku nei ma luna aʻe, ma hope o nā kenekulia he nui o nā hōʻeha a me ka hoʻi ʻana i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻōiwi. ʻOiai ke hana nei i kēia pāhana he hōʻailona no Istanbul a e hoʻolilo i ka maka o ke kaiāulu e like me ka Eiffel Tower o Paris, ʻo ia ka hui ʻo ia i kahi mea kākau inoa ʻole, ʻo ka ʻeha o ka noʻonoʻo o ka lāhui. Kēia papahana i nā IMM, e like me ina mea i ka? Aneie reclamation o na Kuhina o ka Hoʻomākaʻikaʻi alu like 'ana e pono ai, e lawe ke aoʻana Tureke ka hoku o na kumu au wale ae nei. "

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